The child version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire-Short Form (PARQ/Control-SF) was used to measure the frequency of perceived mother and father parenting behaviors. Children rated items for each parent on a modified scale: 1 = never or almost never, 2 = once a month, 3 = once a week, or 4 = every day. We used the total acceptance-rejection scale, which is computed as the sum of 8 warmth-affection (reversed), 6 hostility-aggression, 4 rejection, and 6 neglect-indifference items (high score = more rejection). A score of 24 indicates highest acceptance and lowest rejection, and a score of 96 indicates highest rejection and lowest acceptance. In a meta-analysis of the reliability of the PARQ using data from 51 studies in 8 countries, Khaleque and Rohner (2002) concluded that internal consistency (α) reliabilities exceeded .70 in all groups, effect sizes were homogenous across groups, and convergent and discriminant validity were demonstrated.
Rohner, R. P. (2005). Handbook for the study of parental acceptance and rejection (4th ed.).Storrs, CT: Rohner Research Publications.