Creativity and Memory: Effects of an Episodic-Specificity Induction on Divergent Thinking

//Creativity and Memory: Effects of an Episodic-Specificity Induction on Divergent Thinking

Creativity and Memory: Effects of an Episodic-Specificity Induction on Divergent Thinking

People produce more episodic details when imagining future events and solving means-end problems after receiving an episodic-specificity induction—brief training in recollecting details of a recent event—than after receiving a control induction not focused on episodic retrieval. Here we show for the first time that an episodic-specificity induction also enhances divergent creative thinking. In Experiment 1, participants exhibited a selective boost on a divergent-thinking task (generating unusual uses of common objects) after a specificity induction compared with a control induction; by contrast, performance following the two inductions was similar on an object association task thought to involve little divergent thinking. In Experiment 2, we replicated the specificity-induction effect on divergent thinking using a different control induction, and also found that participants performed similarly on a convergent-thinking task following the two inductions. These experiments provide novel evidence that episodic memory is involved in divergent creative thinking.

Source: Association for Psychological Science

By | 2015-09-09T15:22:32+00:00 September 9th, 2015|Uncategorized|0 Comments

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